Identification of Energies from Observations of Evolutions

Description

The study of evolutions driven by the minimization of certain energetic landscapes, in terms of their gradient flows or quasi-static evolutions of critical points, has been the subject of intensive research in the past years. Some of the most recent models are aiming at describing time-dependent phenomena also in biology or even in social dynamics, borrowing a leaf from more established and classical models in physics. For instance, starting with the seminal papers of Reynolds (1987), Vicsek et. al. (1995), and Cucker-Smale (2007), there has been a flood of models describing consensus or opinion formation, modeling the exchange of information as long-range social interactions (forces) between active agents (particles). However, for the analysis, but even more crucially for the reliable and realistic numerical simulation of such phenomena, one presupposes a complete understanding and determination of the governing energies. Unfortunately, except for physical situations where the calibration of the model can be done by measuring the governing forces rather precisely, for some relevant macroscopical models in physics and most of the models in biology and social sciences the governing energies are far from being precisely determined. In fact, very often in these studies the governing energies are just predetermined to be able to reproduce, at least approximately or qualitatively, some of the macroscopical effects of the observed dynamics, such as the formation of certain patterns, but there has been little or no effort of matching data from real-life cases. This attitude aiming just at a qualitative description tends however to reduce some of the investigations in this area to beautiful and mathematically interesting toy-cases, which have likely little to do with real-life scenarios. We also have been directly involved in some of these developments and we recognize by now certain significant limitations towards the realistic applicability of some of these models. The aim of this project is to approach the difficult task of providing a mathematical framework for the reliable identification of the governing energies from data obtained by direct observations of corresponding time-dependent evolutions. This is a new kind of inverse problem, beyond more traditionally considered ones, as the forward map is a strongly nonlinear evolution, highly dependent on the probability measure generating the initial conditions. As we aim at a precise quantitative analysis, and to be very concrete, we will attack the learning of the energies for specific models in social dynamics governed by nonlocal interactions and in continuum mechanics for models of material fracture initiation and propagation.

Publications

No publications from this project yet.

Preprints

Ilaria Lucardesi, Marco Morandotti, Riccardo Scala, Davide Zucco: Confinement of Dislocations Inside a Crystal with a Prescribed External Strain (SPP1962-072, 09/2018, [bib])

Luigi Ambrosio, Massimo Fornasier, Marco Morandotti, Giuseppe Savaré: Spatially Inhomogeneous Evolutionary Games (SPP1962-073, 09/2018, [bib])

Patrick Van, Marco Morandotti: Discrete-to-Continuum Limits of Particles with an Annihilation Rule (SPP1962-074, 09/2018, [bib])

Ilaria Lucardesi, Marco Morandotti, Riccardo Scala, Davide Zucco: Upscaling of Screw Dislocations with Increasing Tangential Strain (SPP1962-075, 09/2018, [bib])

Marco Bonacini, Elisa Davoli, Marco Morandotti: Analysis of a Perturbed Cahn-Hilliard Model for Langmuir-Blodgett Films (SPP1962-076, 09/2018, [bib])

Members

  • member's portrait

    Prof. Massimo Fornasier

    Technische Universität München
    Principal Investigator
  • member's portrait

    Prof. Mauro Maggioni

    Johns Hopkins University
    Cooperation Partner

Project Related News

  • Sep 21, 2018 : New preprint submitted

    Marco Morandotti submitted the preprint SPP1962-072, Confinement of Dislocations Inside a Crystal with a Prescribed External Strain

  • Sep 21, 2018 : New preprint submitted

    Marco Morandotti submitted the preprint SPP1962-073, Spatially Inhomogeneous Evolutionary Games

  • Sep 21, 2018 : New preprint submitted

    Marco Morandotti submitted the preprint SPP1962-074, Discrete-to-Continuum Limits of Particles with an Annihilation Rule

  • Sep 21, 2018 : New preprint submitted

    Marco Morandotti submitted the preprint SPP1962-075, Upscaling of Screw Dislocations with Increasing Tangential Strain

  • Sep 21, 2018 : New preprint submitted

    Marco Morandotti submitted the preprint SPP1962-076, Analysis of a Perturbed Cahn-Hilliard Model for Langmuir-Blodgett Films